• AiNews.com
  • Pages
  • AI-Powered Robot Climbs Great Wall of China in Humanoid Robotics Milestone
An advanced humanoid robot, XBot-L, climbing the Great Wall of China. The robot is navigating the uneven stone steps with dexterity and balance, surrounded by symbols representing AI technology such as algorithms, force control, and reinforcement learning. The background features the iconic structure of the Great Wall extending into the distance under a clear sky

Author: Alicia Shapiro

Estimated Read Time: 3 minutes

AI-Powered Robot Climbs Great Wall of China in Humanoid Robotics Milestone

In a major advancement for humanoid robotics, China's Robot Era demonstrated the capabilities of its humanoid robot, XBot-L, by having it climb the Great Wall of China. This event underscored the robot’s impressive locomotion, dexterity, and balance, marking a significant achievement in AI-powered robotics.

A Breakthrough in Humanoid Robotics

XBot-L, a 1.65-meter-tall humanoid robot, incorporates advanced force control algorithms that allow it to traverse various surfaces smoothly. A video released by Robot Era showcases XBot-L navigating sections of the Great Wall, greeting viewers, performing martial arts, and exhibiting various movements. This demonstration aimed to highlight the robot's balance and adaptability on complex terrains, powered by perceptive reinforcement learning algorithms.

Overcoming the Challenges of the Great Wall

The Great Wall of China poses significant challenges for any bipedal robot due to its rugged stone surfaces, uneven pavements, and dark archways. Traditional robots with wheels or lacking advanced kinematic support often find such terrains difficult. However, XBot-L’s successful navigation of this historic site underscores its advanced design and technological prowess.

Despite some difficulties—evidenced by its missing leg covers and duct tape around its waist—XBot-L managed to traverse a portion of the Great Wall. Its perceptive reinforcement learning (RL) algorithms were crucial in this success, enabling the robot to sense its surroundings, maintain balance, and adjust its walking speed and steps accordingly.

“Perceptive RL algorithms help to strengthen the robot’s perceptive and decision-making capacity in the face of unfamiliar terrains. The robot thus can recognize complex road conditions and adjust its walking stance in a timely manner,” said Yue Xi, co-founder of Robot Era, in a statement.

Innovations by Robot Era

Robot Era, nurtured by the Institute of Cross-disciplinary Information Sciences at Tsinghua University in Beijing, has made significant progress in the field of embodied general intelligence. Their robots feature self-developed, high-torque-density modular joints and an integrated structural design. Utilizing advanced materials like high-strength alloys, carbon fiber, and engineering plastics, these robots are both strong and stable while maintaining a sleek appearance.

On the intelligence front, Robot Era integrates a large language model and advanced force control algorithms into their robots. This combination enables the robots to exhibit high dynamic performance, understand human commands better, and serve the public effectively.

Unlike some legged robots designed to climb stairs without perception algorithms, Robot Era’s robots can detect real-time environmental changes and recognize obstacles in their path, significantly enhancing their stability and maneuverability on complex surfaces.

“Compared to ‘blind walking,’ our robot displays better traversability and stability on complex surfaces,” Yue Xi added.

Competition in Robotics

Although XBot-L’s achievements are noteworthy, it operates in a competitive landscape. Other robotics companies, such as Unitree in China and Boston Dynamics in the United States, are known for their speedy and flexible humanoid robots, making the field highly competitive.


Robot Era’s demonstration of XBot-L climbing the Great Wall of China marks a pivotal moment in the development of humanoid robotics. The robot’s advanced perceptive reinforcement learning algorithms and innovative design highlight the potential of AI-powered humanoid robots to navigate complex terrains. As robotics technology continues to evolve, Robot Era’s advancements underscore the exciting future possibilities for AI and robotics.

By integrating cutting-edge technologies and overcoming significant challenges, Robot Era is setting the stage for future developments in humanoid robotics. The achievements of XBot-L reflect the rapid progress in this field, promising a future where AI-powered robots can seamlessly interact with and navigate the human world.